最近實在忙，把這個系列的文章公布給忘記了，幸虧熱心友友私信提醒，今天繼續分享大餐……21.話題:科學家常用詞匯:science 科學 scientist 科學家 scientific 科學的 challenge 挑戰 expert 專家 specialist專家 determination 刻意 perseverance 恒心 self-confidence 自信 hardworking 勤奮的 modest 謙虛的 put forward 提出 draw a conclu...
最近實在忙，把這個系列的文章公布給忘記了，幸虧熱心友友私信提醒，今天繼續分享大餐……21.話題:科學家常用詞匯:science 科學 scientist 科學家 scientific 科學的 challenge 挑戰 expert 專家 specialist專家 determination 刻意 perseverance 恒心 self-confidence 自信 hardworking 勤奮的 modest 謙虛的 put forward 提出 draw a conclusion得出結論 contribute to 有助于 be enthusiastic about 對……熱情be fond of 喜愛 feel like 想 be crazy about 對……入迷 be strict with 對……嚴格 be exposed to 接觸…… be born in 出生于 graduate from 結業于 make a contribution to 對……做出孝敬 devote oneself to 奉獻于 take an active part in 努力到場…… be cautious about 對……小心審慎規范:Qian Xuesen was born in the eastern Chinese city of Hangzhou on December 11, 1911.He is a scientist who was a major figure in the missile and space programs of both the United States and the People’s Republic of China. He graduated from Shanghai Jiao Tong University in 1934 and in the August of 1935 Qian Xuesen left China to study at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.He went to work as head of the Chinese missile program immediately upon his arrival in China.By 1958 he had finalized (使最終完成) the plans of the Dongfeng missile which was first successfully launched in 1964 just prior to China’s first successful nuclear weapons test.His program was also responsible for the development of the widespread Silkworm missile.He also contributed a lot toChina’s Higher Education.In his late years, since the 1980s, he devoted himself to scientific investigation of traditional Chinese medicine.He died on 31 October, 2009.22.話題:歷史與地理常用詞匯:province 省 countryside 鄉下 island 島嶼 consist of 由……組成 be made up of 由……組成 be divided into 分成 break away from 脫離 furnish為……提供家具 furniture家具 historic有歷史意義的 history 歷史 locate使……坐落于 location位置 size 尺寸 square kilometers 平方公里 position位置 direction 偏向 population 人口 ancestor 祖先 beach 海灘 coast海岸 port口岸 canal 運河 strait海峽 dynasty 王朝 at a distance of 在……的距離 has a history of有……的歷史 with a population of 有……的人口規范:Taiwan Island, the largest island in China, lies west of the Pacific Ocean, with the East Sea on the north and the South Sea surrounding its southwest.Taiwan covers a total area of about 46,000 square kilometers with a population of over 20,000,000.It’s a place abundant in natural resources and bananas, rice, tea and other agricultural products are well-known both at home and abroad.The scenery is so beautiful and the climate is so pleasant that tourists come in large numbers for a visit from all over the world.Alishan National Scenic Area, lying in the northeast of Jiayi county on Taiwan Island, is one of the eleven scenic areas, which attracts thousands of tourists from home and abroad for sightseeing every year.23.話題:計劃與愿望常用詞匯:future未來 plan計劃 prepare 準備 wish 希望 coming 到來 next下一個 oncoming 即未來臨的 tomorrow明天 in the future 在未來 make preparations for為……做準備 previous先前的 in no time立刻 right away馬上 in time 實時 with the hope/aim of 帶著……的希望/目的 face future面臨未來 a promising future 灼爍的未來 create a bright future with one’s own hands 用自己的雙手去締造灼爍的未來規范:New Socialist Countryside in the FutureWith the efforts and support from the government in many aspects, a new socialist countryside will appear in China.There will be more new farmers with the basic knowledge of science and technology. With the help of scientists, farmers will use the latest technologies to increase agricultural production without harming the environment. As a result, the annual income of the farmers will be increased and their housing conditions will be improved as well and people in the new countryside will enjoy a clean, tidy and beautiful environment. Besides, the government will provide free compulsory education for kids and also perfect medical care system for farmers.24.話題:招聘與求職常用詞匯:employ 雇傭 look for 尋找 take in 吸納 full-time 全職的 part-time 兼職的 well-paid 薪水高的 be paid by the hour 按小時發人為 requirement 要求 resume 小我私家履歷 schooling 受教育情況 subjects 課程 working experience 事情履歷 qualification 及格證明 transcript 結果單 health 康健狀況 present address 現在通訊地址 apply for 申請…… graduate from 結業于 major in 以……為專業 degree學位 scholarship 獎學金 good grades 良好的結果 hobby 喜好 favorite 最喜歡的 be skilled in 在……方面熟練 be good at 擅長…… experienced 有履歷的 confident 自信的 English and computer ability 英語和盤算性能力 healthy 康健的規范:A foreign trade company in Shenzhen is looking for two English interpreters who must not only have undergraduate diploma but also be able to speak English fluently. Besides,preference will be given to those who have foreign trade work experience. If you think you are suitable for the job, please remember to sign up at www.SZft.com and the deadline for your signing up is May,1st. And don’t forget to come for the interview at the recruitment office on the first floor on May 2. Finally, if you are accepted, your job mainly involves acting as an interpreter for foreign trade negotiations.25.:校園文明與寧靜問題常用詞匯school rules and regulations 學校規章制度 obey遵守 observe遵守 keep/observe discipline遵守紀律 behave well體現良好 be neatly dressed穿著整潔 respect one’s teachers and parents尊敬師長 be on time準時 keep the environment clean保持情況潔凈 civilized文明的 break the rules違反規章制度 discipline紀律 spit吐痰 throw rubbish everywhere亂扔垃圾 cheat in the exam考試作弊 get in line插隊 fight with sb.與……打架 punish sb.for 因……處罰某人 The students are told not to break any of the rules of the school.學校要求學生不要違反任何規章制度?！he students are expected to…學校期望學生…… It must be made clear that the students should …必須明確的一點是,學生應該…… …is of no good to a friendlyand harmonious society.……對建立友好和諧的社會是毫無益處的?！t is honorable to obey the principles and rules of our school.遵守學校的規章制度是慶幸的。
It is worthy of praise to… ……是值得表彰的 It is shameful to… ……是可恥的 What we should do is that… 我們應該做的事情是……規范:Hello, everyone! I’m glad to give you some knowledge about first aid when a fire breaks out.First it’s important to keep calm and escape safely from the exit as soon as possible. At the same time do call 119 and tell them the exact address on the phone. If you are trapped, be sure to close the door so that you can resist the intrusion of heat and smoke. Never forget to stand in front of an open window and shout for help with a wet towel covering your mouth and nose. Besides, if unfortunately you are burnt, cool the area of skin with running water and put a piece of dry clean cloth over it or go to hospital immediately.26.話題:藝術常用詞匯: art 藝術 artist藝術家 design設計 paint 染料 painting繪畫 painter畫家 colour涂色 draw繪畫 drawing圖畫 creation作品 creative有締造力的 impressive令人印象深刻的 figure塑像 imagination想象力appreciation瀏覽 exhibit展品 exhibition展覽會 sculpture雕像 realistic現實的 modern現代的 masterpiece杰作 show one’s talent for…展現對……的天賦arouse/excite one’s curiosity 引發某人的好奇心規范:A Different Mona LisaThanks to a technical progress, one of Leonardo Da Vinci’s classic works is now able to answer questions in Chinese.What’s more, the visitors can reach out to shake her hands.Maybe we should congratulate art lovers because they have the chance to talk with her directly now.The exhibition cost the sponsor about 50 million RMB.The sponsor said he wouldn’t regret spending so much money, because his purpose was to let the public have a new access to art and appreciate it in a new way.What would Mono Lisa say about her mild and mysterious smile？ Is it beyond your imagination？ So treasure this precious chance and don’t hesitate to talk with her now!27.話題:文學—詩歌常用詞匯: poem詩歌 poet 詩人 romantic浪漫的 modern 現代的 ancient古代的 rhyme押韻 nursery rhyme 童謠 rhythm 節奏 express feelings/emotions 表達情感 convey information 轉達信息 sorrow 傷心 anger 生氣 ending 了局 joy 快樂 make sense 有意義 give a deep impression on sb.給……留下深刻的印象 common常見的 translate into 翻譯成 transform 轉換 intonation 語調 repetition 重復 be popular with 受……接待 in a free form 以自由體的形式規范:Ancient poems and modern poemsLast week our class had a heated discussion about which poems are more popular between ancient poems and modern poems.About 42% of the students think ancient poems have beautiful rhythm and rhyme and that ancient poems have further meanings, which teach us a lot more. Besides, ancient poems are precious cultural heritage left by our ancestors so we should pass them on from generation to generation.However, the other 58% of the students hold the view that modern poems are easier to understand and can express our different feelings and ideas easily. What’s more, modern poems don’t have to follow special patterns of rhythm and rhyme so we are free to express ourselves.In my opinion, both ancient poems and modern poems are our national cultures and we should learn from them.28.話題:康健常用詞匯: relax oneself 放松自己 breathe fresh air 呼吸新鮮空氣energetic 精神充沛的 build our bodies 增強體質 do good to one’s health.對某人康健有利益 form the habit of getting up early 養成早起的習慣 take exercise 磨煉身體 keep fit 保持康健 oxygen 氧氣 sleep disorder 睡眠欠好 go on a diet 節食 green food 綠色食品 physical fitness 身體康健 lose weight 減肥 get rid of the bad habit of smoking 改掉吸煙的壞習慣 do harm to one’s health 對某人的康健有害處 give up smoking 戒煙規范:As we all know smoking does great harm to human beings.More and more people have come to realize how serious this problem is.But they are never bored with it. Some people think it is a kind of fashion, some think it is of great fun and others think that smoking can refresh them.However, smoking does cause many illnesses.A lot of people always cough because of smoking.The most serious illness caused by smoking is lung cancer. Meanwhile smoking is a waste of money.Besides, careless smokers may cause dangerous fires.It’s high time for smokers to give up smoking.29.話題:情況掩護常用詞匯: pollute污染 environmental conservation 情況掩護 save energy/water 節約能源/水 sort rubbish 垃圾分類 recycle textbooks/trash 課本/垃圾接納使用 ban smoking in public 克制在公共場所吸煙 improve our living condition 改善居住條件 keep the balance of nature 保持自然界的平衡 ban the abuse of plastic bags 克制濫用塑料袋 Don’t litter/spit everywhere 不隨地扔垃圾痰 Waste is scattering here and there.隨處撒滿了廢棄物?！rotect the environment 掩護情況 send out smoke and poisonous gases into the air 散發出煙和有毒氣體 cut down trees砍伐樹木 pour waste water into the rivers把廢水注入河流 It is a shame to throw rubbisharound.亂扔垃圾是可恥的?！orm good habits to protect the surroundings養成良好的習慣來掩護情況 take active measures to protect rare animals接納努力措施掩護稀有動物 take good care of our forests體貼我們的森林 plant more trees to improve the environment 多植樹來改善情況 The terrible pollution has done great harm to us as well as to the surroundings.恐怖的污染已經給我們自己另有我們的情況帶來了很大的危害。規范:Say “ No” to Plastic BagsSince June 1st, 2008, plastic bags are no longer provided for free in the supermarkets. Different people have different opinions on this matter.As far as I am concerned, the government is taking steps to protect our living environment. It’s true that plastic bags make people’s shopping more convenient. However, most people just throw them away after using them, and don’t know how to deal with them. What’s more, it will take a long time for plastic bags to break down. As a result, they can cause serious pollution and do great harm to our surroundings, then to people’s health.Personally speaking, I fully agree with this policy.After all, it is good for our environment.And we could use bags made of paper or cloth instead of plastic bags when shopping.30.話題:自然常用詞匯:hurricane 颶風 storm 風暴 thunderstorm 雷雨 earthquake 地震 flood 水災 typhoon 臺風 panic 驚慌 volcano 火山 erupt 發作 eruption 發作 atmosphere 大氣層 temperature 溫度 disaster 災難 lightning 閃電 safe 寧靜的 matter事情 message 消息 damage損害 warming 警告 predict 預測 affect 影響 environment 情況the power of nature 自然的氣力 scientific equipment 科學儀器 the local people 當地人 burn to the ground 燒毀 thick forest 茂密的森林 nature reserve 自然掩護區 all over the world 全世界規范:Extreme weatherAccording to the passage, extreme temperatures happen much more frequently than ever before in European countries.These are largely due to the heat produced in cities and the circulation of the atmosphere.Reasons for extreme temperatures are varied.For one thing, human’s activities like burning fossil fuels produce carbon dioxide, which makes the globe warmer, causing the global temperature to go up.For another, people’s cutting down trees that can absorb large quantities of carbon dioxide for furniture also contributes to the warmth of the earth, which gives rise to extreme temperatures.Extreme temperatures can do a lot of harm to people’s health.The heatwave or the high temperatures can cause stress, worsening of diseases and even death, especially among children and old people. Therefore, to cope with the extreme temperatures, themost effective way is a global effort to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases.Individuals should use less energy, plant more trees and recycle materials becauseeveryone’s contribution counts.。
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